Thursday, September 1, 2016

Music and new technologies – some thoughts – Club Mediapart (Blog)

Being moved, move it to remember the pleasure of sound. It’s very abstract about what the philosopher Philippe Lacoue-Labarthes thought of music. There are memory of facts. Aid to remember the pleasure of sound. When the music began to write it was believed to reproduce a moment, a pleasure. It is not for nothing that called “note” the musical notes. Note, remember. Facing the fugitive musical sensation. In the middle ages with the copyists, a partition was a diplomatic gift that was between princes and famous people. In the 1520s, France has emerged from the side of Lyon the first printed scores. By deliberately exaggerating the line, it was the beginning of a pre-industrial economy musical that lasted nearly four centuries. Place the editor in the music economy today is the result of this legacy. Known image of Epinal. Sell ​​partitions on street corners, and people start singing … In fact as the people were mainly held in oral culture a long time we sang on stamps, ie tunes that resservait to new lyrics were sung on air … first sample perhaps the first questions on intellectual property … Why not? Anyway, this way of living the music was lively enough to that in France in the eighteenth century Chamfort had been written that the kingdom was an absolute monarchy, but tempered by songs …

Political Problem sound: because it is the sound, the more the image, which is society. We can close our eyes. Biologically, we can not cover their ears. The human being is a primate with bird tastes: he tames it educates the ear. It is through the ear that the rocks is by the ear that instructs, that the harangue that flatters you or curses.

when the digital (which is starting a new way to produce, reproduce, calculate and transmit information, including sound) when the digital took the place he now holds, he immediately turned the Phonotope in which we swim all. The Phonotope is this bell sound in which we have just put us together to vibrate the same sound information. Media theorists speak very well of the enchantment of the word proximity as they wonder about oral cultures and the emergence of writing. Writing is the emergence of the possibility of a word of the distance. This is the magic of the word of proximity we just look to the theater, concerts, games or meeting – and that’s what we call Phonotope. It speaks well of biotope to tell the media whose life emerges: the Phonotope, ie where human culture emerges is a highly anthropogenic environment – and it’s also music business


with this idea Phonotope we begin to understand it enough to change the instruments of production or sound reproduction for change of climate, noise footprint of air time – almost firm. The twentieth century, through the mass media, had invented some form of common vibration, creating mass hysteria around a single and totalitarian word. He also invented the record label, the concert canned and summer hit. But it gave way, very quickly, something more diffuse maybe, when digital instruments for producing sound and music, and dissemination tools became widespread.

n is therefore not surprising that it’s the music, the music industry, yet the strongest, most popular, most rooted in everyone’s homes through radios, turntables and televisions, which is the first been sensitive to digital: sensitive to the point of adopting the first – the CD is 1983 and it is already digital. But sensitive to enter into crisis just 5 years after the arrival of MP3. Crisis which only last for that matter, just remember that the music industry has lost from 2002 until today more than 75% of its turnover.

with digital music changed all its modes of production, and soon all of its broadcast mode: the music sometimes changing instruments, and new types of musicians began to emerge. But there is above all a thing to notice: the Digital is a technology that changes our relationship to the technicality: the evidence of some digital instruments, these new interfaces, simplicity, sometimes even their ease, fully raise the problem of knowledge and expertise that such techniques democratic. This is a real speaking that we are seeing. We talked in the eighteenth century follicular folly about this printed fever, newspapers and books to which Europe succumbed. But when you consider that more than 120 hours of videos posted on YouTube each passing minute, and for her, his 12 minutes by posted on a platform like soundcloud , then we could also talk about such a frenzy

with digital so everything seems to change. at least from the perspective of the ancient world, the artist’s relationship to the producer, the relationship of the artist to the public, the show to the public the report … Yet 20 years later the new business model of music distribution methods problem.

where to schools under professional, an obvious question. What job am I going to train?

It started with music. One begins to understand that all professional actions are impacted by the media connected by the digital media, in fact, the interactive medium, since this is its first property: a property that allows the viewer to speak, to produce a speech to relay knowledge to offer services. All professional actions. Taxis, hotels, even doctors … But what concerns us, symptomatically at the time of this decision generalized speech is impacted all prescription gestures – gestures of journalists or critical, since for many years it is social media that sell music and not specialists – political gestures I think we will end up perceiving, if not already done – but also the professional actions of teachers, for the gesture teaching can not be the same when students have an almost unlimited source of knowledge, constantly blowing on YouTube and Wikipedia . We do not work the same way as services, applications provide learners not a professorial replacement, but another way to learn.

We understand that there is, to consider the sound and artistic space of tomorrow an issue that goes far beyond the musical cultural space, and even the definition by the use of the word art: a challenge that approaches the political in the sense that our societies are from stories and music they are told. There is nothing more terrifying for us than going in cafes, hotels or elevators that play all at the same times the same type of music. It’s called Sensory Marketing. We could talk about the crowds of a psycho packaging of cultural industries, compared to a soft totalitarianism, but a totalitarian anyway. Adorno used about this decomposition, or the collapse of the art in what is called cultural industries he used a word, besides nicely translated into French, he spoke of désartification .

yet there has never been as music, and the interfaces are that there has never been as musicians … in reality, there is behind the question today, the desire to preserve the sound diversity as we seek to preserve biodiversity, because this adds a new democratization, new phrases, disparate music, a variety of sounds ranging democratic depth as ideally each could be heard once a little more educated in music. For it need music, sense, common working vibrations us, for sure, and that this need through the concert hall, stadium, political rally or preaching, we well understand the consequences different.

in fact, this introduction serves to underscore the importance of the issues behind the problem of anecdotal appearance of the transmission of musical gesture … There are new landscapes behind this ridge path that draws news:

  • There is the landscape of these new pedagogies, and new learning opportunities
  • There is the landscape of new instruments, and poetic inventiveness that the technology is capable of inducing
  • the landscape of these new musicians, who with these new instruments questioning the place of the author “creator”, the couple “amateur / professional” and open up new artistic territories and democratic

so many questions that day. what will be the musicians of the era to come? And especially what will be the new musical practices? What will be the transmission part, the determination of the memory to be transmitted, the same concept of culture that these new tools hypermnésiques by definition, ventriloquists metaphorically, will be able to define it?

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